The manipulator, the controller, the human interface component, and the power source are the four essential components of an industrial robot. The arm, which is the manipulator, can move in many different ways. The V5 Workcell’s arm moves thanks to a V5 Smart Motor functioning as the actuator and supplying the necessary force. Electric motors, air pressure in pneumatic cylinders, or fluid pressure in hydraulic cylinders can all provide force for an industrial robot.
The “brain” of the system, or the controller, is located on the arm. In order to control the robot, the controller, which houses the programming code, takes signals from the system as input, processes them, and then sends signals back to the system as output.
The last component is the power supply which is where an industrial robot gets its energy for its controller and actuators. This is typically in the form of electrical energy.